Karate training consists of three major components: kihon (techniques, combination of techniques), kata (forms) and kumite (sparring). These three areas are interrelated and complemented by athletic oriented routines such as strength and flexibility exercises. One of the major aspects present in karate training is development of maximum structural strength through proper understanding/application of stances and optimal body alignment.
Kihon training focuses on developing karate technique by synchronizing its mental, physical and breathing components. Such fusion leads to thorough and sharp muscle activation allowing the body an access to its full potential. Proper breathing plays a role of the bridge between mental and physical technique’s components and leads to more power, better timing and improved versatility.
Kata training is the great way to master the energy transfer through the practice of different movement sequences. Repeated execution of kata combined with proper breathing (vacuum effect allowing no inhale between techniques) gradually evolves into explosive, continuous flow of energy. Kata can be considered a source of wisdom encoded in movement and be an endless learning tool for someone searching for deeper understanding of karate.
Kumite training consists of different elements such as free sparring and special drills created for the purpose of mastering the fighting strategy. It covers the areas such as distance control and proper use of timing both offensively and defensively. Kumite training emphasizes developing the ability to capitalize on emerging chance (kyo) by executing finishing blow (ikken hissatsu) and maintaining a ready mind (zanshin).